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Mariko Mindwood >Lessons> AIUEO alphabet


Japanese alphabet - Aiueo

Listen to Mariko.
Let's begin with Japanese alphabet - AIUEO. We will introduce the alphabets and pronunciation by using simple words and sentences. The set definition and sequence can be also found in the Japanese character section.

Our speaking lesson modules are built with the assumption of hirakana AIUEO reading capability.


A I U E O Hirakana Alphabet

A    I    U    E    O    a i u e o
ka  ki  ku  ke  ko    ka ki ku ke ko
sa si(shi)  su se so    sa si(shi) su se so
ta  ti(chi) tu(tsu) te  to   ta ti(chi) tu(tsu) te to
na ni   nu ne  no  na ni nu ne no
ha hi   hu(fu) he ho   ha hi hu(fu) he ho
ma mi mu me mo   ma mi mu me mo
ya [i]   yu  [e]  yo   ya [い][i] yu [え][e] yo
ra  ri   ru re   ro   ra(la) ri(li) ru(lu) re(le) ro(lo)
wa [i]  [u] [e] wo   wa [い][i] [う][u] [え][e] wo
nn(n) nn(n)

Japanese language fluency begins with first small drop(step). We have prepared 2nd, 3rd,4th and 5th rings(steps).


Japanese language fluency begins with first small drop(step). We have prepared 2nd, 3rd,4th and 5th rings(steps).

Voiced Consonants

ga gi gu ge go    ga gi gu ge go
za zi(ji)  zu ze zo    za zi(ji) zu ze zo
da  di    du   de  do   da di(ji) du de do
ba bi   bu be bo   ba bi bu(fu) be bo
pa pi   pu pe po   pa pi pu pe po

Combination Alphabet

kya  kyu  kyo   きゃkya きゅkyu きょkyo
gya  gyu  gyo   ぎゃgya ぎゅgyu ぎょgyo
sha  shu  sho   しゃsha しゅshu しょsho
ja    ju    jo   じゃja じゅju じょjo
cha   chu   cho   ちゃcha ちゅchu ちょcho
nya   nyu  nyo   にゃnya にゅnyu にょnyo
pya    pyu   pyo   ぴゃpya ぴゅpyu ぴょpyo
bya   byu  byo   びゃbya びゅbyu びょbyo
mya  myu  myo   みゃmya みゅmyu みょmyo
rya   ryu   ryo   りゃrya りゅryu りょryo>

Reading Words

a cat    neko
a dog    inu
a cow    ushi
a horse    uma
an apple    rinngo
an orange    mikann
a tomato    tomato
a carrot    ninnjinn
a potato  じゃjyagaimo
a meal  gohann
milk  ぎゅgyuuにゅnyuu
water  mizu
I    watashi
you    anata
a boy    otokonoko
a girl    onnnanoko
mother    okaasann
father    otausann
a female    onnna
a male    otoko
she    kanoじょjo
he    kare
home    ie
a TV    terebi
a glass    koppu1
a teacher    sennsei
a pen    mannnennhitsu
a pencil    ennpitsu
an eraser    keshigomu
a school    gakkou
a pupil    seito
see    miru
drink    nomu
eat    taberu
walk    aruku
cry    naku
have    motu
hear    kiku
like    suki
want    hoshii
sleep    nemuru
run    hashiru
sit down   suwaru
go    iku
study    manabu
return    modoru

Reading Phrases practice

I am a girl.    watashiwaonnnanokodesu
I am a boy.   watashiwaotokonokodesu
You are a girl.   貴女anatawaonnnanokodesu
It is a pen.   sorewamannnennhitsudesu
It is a cat.    sorewanekodesu
Is this a cat?    korewanekodesuka3
I have an eraser.   watashiwakeshigomu[を]motteimasu
That is an apple.    arewarinngodesu
Those are oranges.   arerawamikanndesu
She is a pupil.    彼女kanojowa生徒seitodesu
He is my father.   karewaotousanndesu
They are pupils.   かれrawa生徒seito[たち]desu
I eat a meal.    わたしwagohannwotabemasu
I drink a glass of milk.   わたしwakoppu一杯ippainoミルクmirukuwonomimasu
I like a cat.   わたしwaねこgakidesu
I want a dog.   わたしwaいぬgashiidesu
I sleep.   わたしwamasu
I see my mother.   okaasanngaemasu2
I go home.    わたしwaいえniかえrimasu

*1A double consonant generates a small っ. Ex. コップ (koppu) sounds like "Cop". "Cup" kappu.
*2The literal translation is "My mother can be seen."
*3Generally speaking, か appended at the end of a sentence makes the sentence interrogative, like the Spanish's "?". Refer to the Composing Japanese Sentence Section.


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