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Table of Contents >Japanese> Hirakana alphabet


Japanese alphabet

Japanese alphabet is called Hirakana(ひらかな). There are five vowels and 41 consonants.
The English word is to provide speaking guide. A click on a space to remove the enlargement.

magnification guide sound

ひらかな alphabet

a

i

u

e

o
あ行

ka

ki

ku

ke

ko
か行

sa

si

su

se

so
さ行

ta

chi(ti)
4
tsu(tu)

te

to
た行

na

ni

nu

ne

no
な行

ha

hi

fu(hu)

he

ho
は行

ma

mi

mu

me

mo
ま行

ya

i

yu

e

yo
や行

ra

ri2

ru

re

ro
ら行

wa

i

u

e

wo3
わ行

nn
-
濁音 voiced consonant
-
-

ga

gi

gu

ge

go
が行

za

ji(zi)

zu

ze

zo
ざ行

da

di(zi)

du(zu)

de

do
だ行
-
-

ba

bi

bu

be

bo
ば行
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
濁音 voiced consonant
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

pa

pi

pu

pe

po
ぱ行
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

Combination alphabet
きゃ
kya
きゅ
kyu
きょ
kyo
きゃ行
ぎゃ
gya
ぎゅ
gyu
ぎょ
gyo
ぎゃ行
しゃ
sha
しゅ
shu
しょ
sho
しゃ行
じゃ
ja(jya)
じゅ
ju(jyu)
じょ
jo(jyo)
じゃ行
ちゃ
cha
ちゅ
chu
ちょ
cho
ちゃ行
にゃ
nya
にゅ
nyu
にょ
nyo
にゃ行
ぴゃ
pya
ぴゅ
pyu
ぴょ
pyo
ぴゃ行
びゃ
bya
びゅ
byu
びょ
byo
びゃ行
みゃ
mya
みゅ
myu
みょ
myo
みゃ行
りゃ
rya
りゅ
ryu
りょ
ryo
りゃ行
句読点(くとうてん、kutoutenn) punctuation mark5
句点くてんkutennperiod
読点とうてんtoutenncomma
中黒なかぐろnakagurocommaseparate a list 犬・猫・猿
「」鍵括弧かぎかっこkagikakkoquotation mark「おはよう」
()丸括弧まるかっこmarukakkoparentheses

Note, Hirakana ん is expressed in the both a double nn and a single n. A double nn notation is mainly used on this site.
Hirakana ふ is expressed in the both hu and fu notations on this site.
*2り is more close to the sound of "leap". Japanese sounds do not have and don't differentiate from reap.
*3It has the same sound as お、but the grammartical usage differs.
*4One of sounds English words don't have. 'tsu' of tsunami.
*5';',':','-','?', and '!' are rarely used in Japanese sentences.





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